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Economies Of Scale And Alloca Tive Farming At West Seram Regency, Indonesia Efficiency Of Rice Maluku Province

Economies of scale and allocative -efficiency of rice farming has been conducted in technical irrigated field at Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat - SBB (West Seram Regency), Province of Maluku. This study has the objectives to analyze production factors that affecting production and farming scale level, also technical efficiency and input utilization allocation in rice farming at West Seram Regency, by using linear regression from Cobb-Douglas production function. Result of this study showed that there were three independent variables that has significant effict toward production (Y), that is labor bulk (X6), urea fertilizer (X2) and NPK Pelangi .fertilizer (X3) with consecutive elasticity 0,55; 0,19 and 0,11 which means that technical efficiency of this farming has been achieved. Value in return to scale (RTS) with 0,88 showed that increase rate for rice farming at West Seram Regency tend to decrease or decreasing return to scale (DRS), but still within rational production area. Result in allocative efficiency test toward farming input showed ratio MVPxi/Pxi> 1, which means allocative efficiency of this farming still not achieved. (Asian Economic and Financial Riveiw, v. 3(5) 2013 p. 624-634)

Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Mendukung Usahatani Tanaman Pangan Lahan Kering Di Desa Debut Kecama Tan Kei Kecil Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara - Provinsi Maluku

The evaluation of land resources potential in a region is an initial stage to produce the data or information of land resources, as a basic to determine the direction of agricultural development policy. The evaluation of land suitability research to support the food crops farming on dry land agriculture at Debut Village Kei Kecil Sub District Southeast Maluku District Maluku Province has been conducted since May until August 2008. The study aims to provide the data or information about land suitability to the of dryland crops development in the village Debut. This study used the rapid (quick assessment) to analyze the potential of the land resources in the field, including the preparation of land units map, fieldwork, and data processing. The land units map had been prepared with terrain analysis approach using. Landform as a basic for preparing the land units, while landform classification refers to the criteria of Land form Classification Guidelines, LT 5 Version 3.0. Field research included the observation ofland and the environment, water resources and soil fertility, using a transect approach, which is determined based on consideration of the variation of landform, parent material, relief/slope, landuse, and accessible regions (good accessibility). Data processing includes field data correlated with data from the laboratory to complete the assessment of land suitability and soil fertility, and soil physics. The results of land suitability evaluation of some commodities showed that land can be developed for agricultural commodities in the Debut village area of 2.413 ha (91.90 %), while the remaining area of 213 ha (8.10 %) as a conservation area. Land area of 2.413 ha can be used for seasonal crops (upland rice, maize, cassava, and peanuts) area of 1.229 ha (50.93 percent), annual plants in the coast (coconut) covering 249 ha (10.32 %) and annual plant (banana) intercropping with maize and peanuts covering 935 ha (38.75 %). (Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian, v. 8(2)  2013 p. 109-116)

Kajian Tiga Jenis Pupuk Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi Rawa di Desa Debowae, Kecamatan Waeapo, Kabupaten Buru

The assessment was conducted in Debowae village, Waeapo sub district, Buru district in planting season 2011 which aimed to determine the effect of three kinds of organic fertilizers on growth and yield of rice on sub-optimal land. The treatments were the use of three kinds of organic fertilizers derived from farmyard manure, organic granules, and petroganic. Each treatment was replicated 3 times (farmers as replicates). Dosage of organic fertilizer used was 3 t farmyard manure, 1 t organic fertilizer granules and 1 t ha-1 of petroganic fertilizer. The variety used was swamp rice var. Indragiri, obtained from the Rice Research Institute Sukamandi. Rice was cultivated with the technology of integrated crop management. Inorganic fertilizer used was 300 kg NPK Phonska and 200 kg urea ha-I , where half of the urea and all of NPK Phonska were given to the plants at the same time at 7 days after planting (dap), and the rest of the urea was given at 24 and 38 dap. Parameters measured were physical and chemical properties of soil, crop growth and yield components. The study results showed that the type of soil at the study site is Endoaquepts and the soil fertility status is low. The kinds of organic fertilizer that gave the best growth average and rice yield are petroganic, followed by organic granules and the lowest was manure. The average productivity of rice obtained by combining the application of the organic and inorganic fertilizers with the use of adaptive varieties for sub-optimal land ranged from 6.58 to 6.75 t ha-1, although generally there were no significant differences. (Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian, v. 8(2) 2013 p. 95-102)